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Poultry Farming Business Plan / Feasibility Studies In Nigeria PDF

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Poultry Farming Business Plan In Nigeria  – Our Poultry Farming Business Plan In Nigeria Feasibility

TABLE OF CONTENTS OF Poultry Farming Business Plan In Nigeria

CHAPTER 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Poultry Farming Business Plan In Nigeria
OVERVIEW
THE BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY
THE MARKET
THE TARGET MARKET
THE COMPETITION
THE COMPETITIVE STRATEGIES
THE MANAGEMENT TEAM
THE FINANCIAL PLAN
PURPOSE OF THE BUSINESS PLAN

PROJECT SUMMARY
PROJECT NAME
PROJECT LOCATION
PROJECT SPONSOR
PROJECT GOALS AND PURPOSE
PROJECT SCOPE

INDUSTRY ANALYSIS
INDUSTRY OVERVIEW
INDUSTRY SIZE
GROWTH RATE
GROWTH POTENTIAL
PLAYERS IN THE INDUSTRY
SUPPLY CHAIN MAP

MARKET ANALYSIS for Poultry Farming Business Plan In Nigeria
POULTRY FARM MARKET ANALYSIS SUMMARY
DISTRIBUTION PATTERNS
MARKETING FRACTIONS
SEGMENT ATTRACTIVENESS
PROPOSED TARGET MARKET
DIRECT COMPETITION
INDIRECT COMPETITION
THREAT FROM NEW ENTRANTS
THREAT FROM CUSTOMERS
THREAT FROM SUPPLIERS
INTENSITY OF RIVALRY

INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT ANALYSIS
SHARED VALUES AND PRINCIPLES
UNDERSTANDING OF THE STRATEGIC PLANNING PROCESS
ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE
LEADERSHIP STYLE
STAFF REQUIREMENTS
SKILLS AND COMPETENCIES
SYSTEMS

SWOT ANALYSIS for Poultry Farming Business Plan In Nigeria
STRENGTHS
WEAKNESSES
OPPORTUNITIES
THREATS

STRATEGIC INTENT
VISION
MISSION
VALUES AND PRINCIPLES

PROJECT STRATEGIES
LONG TERM STRATEGIES
MEDIUM TERM STRATEGIES
SHORT TERM STRATEGIES
FINANCIAL STRATEGIES
MARKETING STRATEGIES
OPERATIONAL STRATEGIES
HUMAN RESOURCE STRATEGIES

IMPLEMENTATION PLAN
ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE
MANPOWER REQUIREMENTS
MANPOWER PLAN
MAN POWER BUDGET
ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

TECHNICAL AND OPERATIONAL PLAN for Poultry Farming Business Plan In Nigeria
RAW MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS
MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS
LAYOUT OF THE BUSINESS PREMISES
GROWTH MANAGEMENT AND QUALITY ASSURANCE
DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION
EGG PRODUCTION PROCESS

MARKETING PLAN
PRODUCT
PRICING
PACKAGING
LOCATION OF THE PROJECT

KEY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT CONTROLS
BOOKEEPING AND FINANCIAL ADMINISTRATION REQUIREMENTS
IMPORTANCE OF BOOKKEEPING AND FINANCIAL ADMINISTRATION
COMPUTERISED BOOKEEPING AND FINANCE SYSTEM

PROJECTED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS for Poultry Farming Business Plan In Nigeria
ASSUMPTIONS
APPLICATION OF FUNDS
OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE COSTS
DAILY EEG/FEED/DRUGS COMPUTATION ANALYSIS FROM POINT OF LAY (POL) FOR 12 MONTHS
INCOME STATEMENT PROJECTIONS
PROJECTED PROFIT AND LOSS FOR 4,000 BIRDS IN 52WEEKS
MARKET INFORMATION
MORTALITY LOSSES
THREATS
PROFIT PROJECTION FOR 4,000 LAYING BIRDS
PROFIT PROJECTION FOR 10,000 BROILERS
+
……..POULTRY FARMING EGG PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT
……..BROILER MANAGEMENT GUIDE
+
BROILER STARTER FORMULA
BROILER GROWER FORMULA
PULLET GROWER FORMULA
LAYING BIRD FEED FORMULA
LAYER CONCENTRATE FORMULA
BROILER CONCENTRATE FORMULA

Hurry now, GET YOUR POULTRY FARMING BUSINESS PLAN. To place an order, pay N10,000 to

GTBank (Guaranty Trust Bank)
Account Name – Chudi-Oji Chukwuka
Account No – 0044157183

After paying for your Poultry Farming Business In Nigeria Feasibility/Business Plan and Manual, send your email and payment details to 08060565721.

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WE WILL ALSO SEND YOU A BONUS, POULTRY FARMING BUSINESS MANUAL.

MORE ON POULTRY FARMING BUSINESS IN NIGERIA

Chicken, the king of the poultry business in Nigeria enjoyed dramatic growth in the last forty
years or so .the thousand of poultry producers in the country are proud of their industry,
which has become a multi billion Naira industry. The poultry industry has suffered some
setbacks of late due to the avian influenza, salmonellosis, and the incessant power outage in
the country which has taken a major chunk of its business opportunities. The industry has
continued to thrive and will continue to do so because the poultry business is here to stay.

Three factors have been primarily responsible for the remarkable development of the poultry
industry. The first factor has been the demands for eggs and poultry meat as articles of diet.
The second factor has been that poultry rising has been relatively profitable enterprise when
compared with most other agriculture enterprises. The final reason is the roles being played
by the poultry association of Nigerian umbrella body all poultry farmers in Nigerian. High
cost of inputs, power outages, diseases, low purchasing power of consumers are the major
hindrances to the rapid development of chicken industry. Chicken rising is a wide spread
enterprise engaging the attention of millions of Nigerians.

BROILER PRODUCTION In the Plan for your poultry business
Broilers are the most preferred ones under poultry meat category. Many Private companies
are involved with farmers in contract farming for boiler production. So marketing is no
longer a problem. A broiler is a young chicken of below eight weeks of age, weighing 1.5 to
2 kg body weight, with tender and soft meat.
SOURCING YOUR DAY OLD CHICK/LAYERS
All poultry birds hatched within the last 24hrs are referred to as day chicks, not minding
whether they are layers, broilers or cockerels.
It is the farmers who will make special request or order to the hatchery operator on the
category of bird he want to buy for rearing on his farm house. Layers are birds which are
reared for the sole purpose of egg laying. The brown and black eggers are dominant in our
own part of the world this resulting in large number of brown eggs in our market a good
reason for this is because the brown/black eggers are more-favorable.to the tropical climate in
our region that is, they are more adaptable to rearing condition found in our environment

GOING INTO POULTRY FARMING BUSINESS PLAN INVOLVES THE FOLLOWING
There are a few points you should bear in mind, before you start into poultry farming
business.
LOCATION – your poultry farm should be situated in a area which is not exposed to
extreme climatic conditions.
Especially during summers, where the temperatures soar & affect the profitability due to high
mortality rates. Your poultry should be situated away from other poultry farms preferably at a
radius of 3-5kms!
EQUIPMENT & LIVE STOCK – There are many Hatcheries which deliver day old chicks
to your farm. You will have to check the one which closest to your farm and which has a
proven ‘timely’ delivery record. This goes well with the feed companies too. You should opt
for the latest feeding, watering & lighting equipments which will save on your labour cost.
You should also tie up with a good vet.
You need Doctor who can visit your farm at regular intervals and who is easy approachable
during crisis. Keep a schedule for vaccinations and medication in consultation with a Vet.
PREPARING FOR ARRIVAL OF CHICKS
The poultry house should be cleaned and disinfected and allowed to rest for at least 7 days
prior to chicks’ placement. Also, equipment such as feeders, drinkers, brooders etc. should be
cleaned and disinfected. Fresh litter (straw, wood shavings etc.) should be spread over the up.
Wood shavings are the common litter used in Nigeria. Litter provides insulation from the
floor and will soak up moisture from the droppings. It also helps to prevent damage to the
birds’ legs due to slipping on slippery surfaces. The depth of the litter should be 8 to 10 cm.
Feed and clean water should be provided before chicks’ arrival. Feed may be placed in flat
surfaces such as egg flats or box lids to encourage chicks’ to feed. The producer should
introduce chicks’ to water by dipping their beaks in the water immediately they are placed on
the floor. Chicks’ may be encouraged to drink and feed by hanging bright 100 watt bulb 1 m
above litter level. Furthermore, poults may be encouraged to eat by placing feed in small
silver-coloured trays, and to drink by placing coloured marbles in the drinkers. The heat
source should be on 24 hours before the arrival of poults.

Poultry Farming Business Plan In Nigeria

BROODING
The term brooding refers to the period of the chicks’ life extending from one day- old to
about 3weeks of age. Chicks’ are usually placed in brooder rings for the first 5 to 6 days.
From 7 days to 3weeks, they are given from 0.9 to 1.4 m2 (1 to 1.5 square feet) of floor space
per bird. During this time, the chicks’ needs supplemental heat, special starter feed, and
protection from exposure to disease. One way of reducing disease exposure is separately
locating the brooding phase from growing and reproductive phases.
Chicks’
in correct spot brooding conditions
Approximately 100 square feet – 10 x 10 feet is required for raising a small group of 10-12 day
old chicks’. Pens should be planned in such a way that provision is made for enough space for
their growth
Key Points
Temperature is critical and should be maintained as recommended.
Temperatures should be checked manually at chick level.
Poults behaviour should be observed closely and frequently.

Poultry Farming Business Plan In Nigeria
6
SOURCES OF HEAT
In Nigeria, the main sources of supplemental heat to poults are cooking stoves, coal stove that
uses coal and to lesser extent paraffin stoves. Brooder stoves provide chicks with
supplemental heat from time of placement until they are relocated to growing facilities. The
stove is suspended from the roof and can be raised or lowered as needed.
BROODER GUARDS/RINGS
In the early stages of brooding, it is ideal to confine newly hatched chicks to a smaller space
to keep chicks close to brooder stoves for heat, feed and water for the first 5 to 7 days of age
or longer in colder weather. Brooder guards usually consist of a 30 to 45 cm wide strip of
hard board which has been cut to an appropriate length in order to form a ring 2.4 to 3.6 m in
diameter. It is set up in the pen where the chicks are placed, and is removed once they are a
few days old and are starting to jump out. The size of the guards is increased as chicks get
older to give them enough room to move about or to move away from brooder as temperature
gets higher than they can tolerate.
Guards/Rings
7
BROODER STOVE ARRANGEMENT AND TEMPERATURE
Usually, each brooder has 3 drinkers and at least 3 feeders. As mentioned earlier, to
encourage day-old poults (DOP) to start eating and drinking, 3 to 5 clean egg flats or some
news papers may be placed around each brooder with feed sprinkled on each one. Drinkers
are placed next to the feeders. Depending on the season, brooders should be adjusted in such
a way that it provides a comfortable environment for the poults. The height of the brooder
stoves may need to be increased slightly each day after 2 days of age. Brooders in curtain
type buildings do not have to be raised often, but need to be adjusted to keep poults from
roosting on them and burning their foot pads. The temperature for DOPs should be around 35
°C, as DOPs need plenty of heat. This temperature should be reduced by 1 °C every 3 days
until a temperature of 21 °C is reached. Temperatures are used only as guides because the
best way to adjust the temperature for the comfort of the poults is to observe their behaviour
if poults crowd near the heat source and chirp loudly, the temperature is too low. If they
move well away from the heat source and start panting, they are too hot. Ideally they should
be fairly quiet and spread evenly under and around the heat source.

8
LIGHTING
Constant lighting at a fairly high intensity (20-50 lux) is required to aid chicks in getting used
to their new environment as well as to find the water and feed. Light intensity is lowered to 5
lux after about 5-7 days. At this light intensity it is nearly impossible to read a news paper in
the shelter. The lower light intensity helps to minimize cannibalism. After 3-7 days, lighting
programs that reduce the number of hours of light a day during the growing period can be
used to reduce the incidence of various metabolic diseases and lame birds when raising
broilers or turkeys. Reducing day length to 8-12 hours per day, even having lights on only
during natural daylight hours should help reduce the number of lame and diseased birds. If
continuous light is used, an hour of darkness should be provided daily to prevent crowding
and piling up in corners (causing suffocation) when a power failure occurs.

Poultry Farming Business Plan/Feasibility Study In Nigeria

FORCE FEEDING
Chicks are not the best starters in their life and will really need some tender loving care to get
them safely through the first four weeks of life. The average mortality rate is 6-10% during
this period. Young chicks by nature are reluctant to eat and drink in the first few days of life,
primarily because of bad eyesight and nervousness. Hence, they have to be force fed. Starve
out problem is one of the major factors for early mortality in chicks.
So special care has to be taken for supplying feed and water. In force feeding, milk should be
fed at the rate of 100ml per liter of water and one boiled egg have to be given at the rate of
one per 10 chicks up to fifteen days and that will compensate the protein and energy
requirements of the chicks. Chicks can be attracted to the feed by gentle tapping of the
container with the fingers. Colored marbles or pebbles placed in feeders and waterers will
also attract chicks towards them.
FEED FORM AND PHYSICAL FEED QUALITY for your Poultry Farming Business Plan In Nigeria
Broiler growth and efficiency of feed use will generally be better if the Starter feed is crumbs
and the Grower and Finisher feeds are mash. It may be necessary to deliver the first delivery
of Grower feed as mash. Poor quality crumbs and mash will reduce feed intake and
performance. On the farm
Grower Feeds
Broiler Grower feed is generally fed for 14 to 16 days following the Starter. During this time
broiler growth continues to be dynamic. It therefore needs to be supported by adequate
nutrient intake. For optimum feed intake, growth and FCR, provision of the correct diet
nutrient density (especially energy and amino acids) is critical.
Finisher Feeds
Broiler Finisher feeds account for the major volume and cost of feeding a broiler. It is
therefore important that feeds are designed to maximize financial return for the type of
products being produced. Finisher feeds should be given from 25 days until processing. Birds
slaughtered later than 42–43 days of age should be given a second Finisher feed specification
from 42 days onward.

10
The use of either one or more broiler Finisher feeds will depend on:
Desired slaughter weight
Length of the production period
Design of the feeding program
Withdrawal periods for drugs will dictate the use of a special Withdrawal Finisher feed. A
Withdrawal feed should be fed for sufficient time prior to slaughter to eliminate the risk of
pharmaceutical product residues in the meat. Statutory withdrawal periods for prescribed
medicines that are specified in product data sheets must be followed. It is not recommended
that extreme dietary nutrient reductions be made during the withdrawal period.
However if feeding a mash feed, feed particles should be sufficiently coarse and uniform in
size. Mash feeds may benefit from the inclusion of some fat in the formulation to reduce
dustiness and improve homogeneity of feed components.

Poultry Farming Business Plan In Nigeria
FEEDING
Broiler super starter
0 – 2 weeks
Broiler starter
3 – 4 weeks
Broiler Finisher
5 –Slaughter
PERFORMANCE
Live weight
2.24 kg in 42
days
Feed intake
4.00 – 4.20 kg
Feed conversion ratio
(fcr)
1.8 – 1.87
Mortality rate
3% – 5%
Key Points
Poor physical feed quality will have a negative impact on broiler performance.
Use good quality crumbled and mash feed for optimum performance.
When feeding mash, ensure a coarse uniform particle size is achieved.

Poultry Business Plan/Feasibility Report In Nigeria

11
KEYS TO SUCCESSFUL BROODING AND REARING
Ventilation – Pheasants require fresh air to grow properly. Venting the brooder house to
maintain a room temperature between 70-80 degrees Fahrenheit will ensure a good growing
environment for the chicks. Intakes and outlets should be constructed with ducts which
permit good air flow and good air circulation but exclude light. Wall fans, if used, may be
thermostatically controlled so that they will vent air when the room temperature rises too
high. Generally, the chicks need more ventilation as they grow.
Temperature – Initially, young chicks are subject to “escape panic” and must be taught to
stay close to the brooder. It is necessary, therefore, to encircle the brooder with a guard 16 to
18 inches high. The guard can be corrugated cardboard, metal flashing or any other rigid
material. On day one it should be placed close enough to the brooder so that the chicks can
move from the heated area to a cooler area if they desire. Each day thereafter the guard may
be expanded to allow the chicks to roam over a wider area. On the sixth day, the guard is
removed and the chicks allowed to roam over the entire floor area of the pen. If the chicks
tend to crowd into the corners after the guard is removed, litter should be piled-up in such a
way as to round off the corner. This practice will prevent crowding and smothering. The
brooding temperature during the first week should be around 100 degrees Fahrenheit at floor
level near the centre of the brooder. The brooder should be turned on and the temperature
stabilized at least 24 hours before the chicks arrive. Watch the chicks closely, especially for
the first day or so. The height of infrared heat lamps should be adjusted so that the chicks will
lie in a doughnut-like pattern around the centre of the heated area. If they huddle together in a
tight group temperatures should be increased a few degrees. If the chicks move out and are
using only the very fringe of the area, reduce the temperature a few degrees. Increasing or
decreasing temperatures is accomplished by raising or lowering the heat lamp. Decrease
brooding temperature by five degrees at the end of the first week and again at the end of each
subsequent week until the temperature has reached 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Heat can be
discontinued after the birds are four weeks old.
Water – Water is the most important requirement of young pheasants. Cool, clean water
should be available at all times. Replace the water in your fountains twice daily and clean the
units to help prevent disease. Begin by using at least one quart jar fountain per 50 chicks.
Poultry Farming Business Plan In Nigeria
12
Place the fountain on a piece of hardware cloth to help keep the wood shavings out of the
water. Coloured marbles or stones may be added to the water dish to prevent drowning.
Stones may be removed from the water dishes after the fifth day. Place water fountains near
the brooder but not directly under the heat. As the chicks grow and drink more water, replace
the quart fountains with one or five gallon fountains. Provide three one gallon fountains per
100 birds. If you are monitoring the chicks twice daily you will be able to see how much
water the chicks are drinking at each visit. If the water fountains are empty at either of your
visits, add an additional water fountain. After two weeks of age, 200 growing pheasants will
require about 5 gallons of water per day.
Feed – The feed given to chicks is extremely important. Chicken feed is not acceptable. The
starting ration must contain 28 to 30 percent protein to meet the needs of the chicks for rapid
growth and good feathering. Crumbles are satisfactory, but pheasant chicks cannot swallow
pellets until they are three weeks of age. The starter feed should contain a coccidiostat, a
medication to protect the chicks from the disease coccidiosis while in the brooder house. At
nine weeks old in the outdoor pens, the pheasants can begin eating grower feed in the form of
pellets. Feed scratch grain the entire two weeks prior to releasing any pheasants. Scratch
grain is cheaper than grower pellets and grains or seeds are likely to be found near release
sites. Changes in diets and feed size occur gradually over a one week period by mixing the
different diets or different size feeds together. Within first 2 days of arrival, your chicks do
not eat much, instead provide constant water spread small amount feed in feed tray for them.
Give your chicks intra-ocular vaccine (1/0) within first 3day of arrival some farmers argue
that their bird have already inoculated from hatchery.
Note: that you can’t be so sure hence prevention is far better than cure. If you are rearing a
large number of chicks you need to sort out some members of your flock that are smaller in
size/weight compared with the general number of birds. Do this to prevent these birds from
becoming runt or stunted in growth, selected birds are separated from the rest flock and
allowed to feed and grow at their own However if you feed entire flock adequately, you may
not need to do any form of sorting since they will grow to fairly same size with very few
exceptions

Poultry Farming Business Plan In Nigeria – How To Get Yours

Hurry now, GET YOUR POULTRY FARMING BUSINESS PLAN. To place an order, pay N10,000 to

GTBank (Guaranty Trust Bank)
Account Name – Chudi-Oji Chukwuka
Account No – 0044157183

After paying for your Poultry Farming Business Plan In Nigeria Feasibility Study/ Manual, send your email and payment details to 08060565721.

Comments

  1. THANKS

  2. Fawole Olubunmi Olusola says:

    i find this articles helpfu
    l

  3. Engr. Athonio O. Ozigi says:

    Thanks for saving my business

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