Fish Farming

Fish farming manual and business plan PDF/Word

Fish farming


Current Situation of aquaculture in Nigeria
Aquaculture Production in Nigeria
Aquaculture Policy Environment at National and State Levels
Success potential
Skills and abilities for success
Production feasibility

Product description
Financial projections
Competitors marketing analysis
Proposed Marketing Strategy

Operational Details and Structure
Machinery/Equipment Requirements, housing, drugs and feeding
Raw materials and sources

Personnel requirement
Organization structure

Mathematical formula for catfish cost production in Nigeria
Capital/initial Cost
Pre-Operating Expenses

Cost production of 50,000 fingerlings Hatchery unit and expected returns (cost of feed, cost of fingerlings, survival rates and sale price of the catfish) in a year

Cost production of 50,000 Grow-out pond unit and expected returns (cost of feed, cost of fingerlings, survival rates and sale price of the catfish) in a year

Cost production of 50,000 smoked fish and expected returns (cost of smoking, weight after smoking, and price of smoked fish)

Fish farming business planGET YOUR FISH FARMING BUSINESS PLAN/Feasibility Study PLUS MANUAL To place an order, pay N10,000 to

GTBank (Guaranty Trust Bank)
Account Name – Chudi-Oji Chukwuka
Account No – 0044157183

After payment text your name, your e-mail address and payment details to 08060565721.







Commercial Fish Production

Sustainable aquaculture production

Why some fish farmers fail

Sitting the farm


Earthen pond

Re-circulatory system

Flow through system (Concrete tank, plastic tanks or vat)


Choosing Your Male & Female Brood Stock

Injecting the Female Fish

Getting the Male Sperm

Stripping the Female Fish

Mixing Sperm with Eggs & Spreading Inside the Vat

Feeding the Fries

Daily schedules of works in trough rearing of fries

Sorting: A Necessary Factor

Operational cost for fingerlings production

Diseases of fingerlings

Transportation of fish


Water quality/quantity

Stocking Good quality fingerling/juvenile



Feeds, feeding and feed milling

Feed formulation and processing

Feed formulation table from 2month old fish and above

An example are as shown below (this is a proven formula) for a tone (1000kg)

Culturing tilapia for feeding your fish

Handling, sampling and harvesting

Catfish health

Practical preventive measures

Predators and their Control


Running a fish farm as a business

Operational cost for stocking 3,000 catfish

Cost of Pond construction

Frequently asked question and answers

Fish Feed Dealers in Nigeria

Hurry now, GET YOUR FISH FARMING BUSINESS PLAN To place an order, pay N10,000 to

GTBank (Guaranty Trust Bank)
Account Name – Chudi-Oji Chukwuka
Account No – 0044157183

After payment text your name, your e-mail address and payment details to 08060565721.

Fish Farming

Fish farming consists of two major subdivisions, which could either be operated separately or as an integrated process. The two subdivisions are the nursery and the grow-out pond operation.

The nursery operation is the basis for the grow-out operation and as such it cannot be operated without the nursery. The nursery involves the inducement of the female fish to lay eggs, which are then fertilized; incubated and hatched fish are known as fries.

These fries are then nurtured fro between three and four weeks into fingerlings which is the size suitable for use in the fish grow-out operation. In-between the nursery and grow-out operation is what the purpose of this manual referred to as the primary operation.

It involves the nurturing of the three or four weeks within which they could grow into post fingerlings, mini juveniles

and juveniles respectively. These can be nurtured for four to five month into grow-out or

table size fish suitable for sale and consumption. Going in catfish farming involves the


Step one: planning for Fish Farming Business, a vital step.

Here, one has to determine whether one wants to go into a big or small-scale commercial

venture, secondly, the pond system to adopt, Re-circulatory system, earthen pond or

concrete/plastic pond or both.

Step two: land, a very critical aspect of your fish farming business

This is very important. One has to acquire at least full plot of land in a suitable location. This

means, you must consider good access road, closeness to market and labour. If the land is

already available, it is good. Then we apportion it as follows:

1. Location of ponds

2. Location of farm house.

3. Location of water supply

4. Location of drainage facility. (The last point is very important, as you don’t drain your water to constitute

public nuisance).

Step Three: Water supply Source in your Fish Farming Business

The best water for fish farming is from bore hole. One or two must be sunk to guarantee

steady water supply. Overhead tanks for holding water should also be installed. The

mechanism of pumping of water must be backed up. The system must not fail.

Step Four: Pond Construction

It is advisable to engage the service of a consultant. The success or failure of this project

depends largely on construction of standard ponds that can stand the test of time. Common causes or failure in catfish farming include over stocking, poor quality feeds, water pollution

and bad specie of catfish fingerlings.


Here are details of catfish farming

1. They can be easily farmed at the family backyard

2. Cost of medication is very negligible in fish farming and it is a good poverty alleviation

activity to stem rural-urban migration

3. Rearing of fish for local consumption will decrease importation of frozen fish chicken and

turkey into the country and producing fish for export will greatly enhance our economic

potential. It will firm up the naira, improve the GDP, reduce inflation and create more jobs

for Nigerians. Over a million jobs can be created in the fish industry alone.

The Concept of Commercial Fish Production

The objective of commercial fish farming is to produce fish to supply markets at a

competitive price and make a profit. The market is therefore, the driving force for

commercial fish farming. The key parameters that determine the levels of production and success in fish farming are water quality, feed quality and seed quality. How one manages these parameters vis-à-vis the prevailing market demand and prices determines the viability

of a commercial fish farm.


The catfish production technology discussed in this manual is feed based and built upon the

principles of sustainable aquaculture. Sustainable aquaculture as applied in this technology

package is ‘an adaptable aquaculture production technology system whose ecological and

economic viability persists indefinitely’. Fish are greatly affected by the environment in

which they are grown. An aquatic ecosystem is extremely dynamic, changing with nutrient

inputs, weather and season. The effects of the changes are even more pronounced in artificial

systems like fish farms where man influences what organisms and other inputs are added to

the culture environment .Fish growth and survival are closely related to water quality

.Furthermore, fish are cold-blooded animals. All of their bodily functions are directly

influenced by the temperature of the environment. So, while the markets determine

aquaculture opportunity, the ecological and economic principles determine the choices for

sustainable aquaculture e practices and technology. Therefore, users of the manual are

encouraged to understand the principles upon which this catfish farming production

technology is based. This is because, the specific environment where the farm is located

defines what additional opportunities and constraints in production one is likely to encounter.

Farmers are therefore encouraged to be observant and continue to make adaptations, in order

to enhance the productivity and profitability of their specific enterprises.

1. Poor Farm Sitting: Such as in a place with inadequate water supply, poor soils for pond

construction (e.g. may be rocky), far away from markets and/or supplies, etc.

2. Poor farm and facility design: Ponds not compacted properly, leak a lot, may be too

shallow, and consequently construction and maintenance costs become too high while

optimum yields are not achieved, Poor accessibility to ponds, requiring workers to walk

across difficult terrain to transfer fish from pond to vehicle or vice-versa.
3. Poor Investment Plan: Several farmers assume that to be a commercial fish farmer one

must have several large ponds. Hence, they construct many ponds at once, which constrain

their cash flow. Because of this, some farmers take a while to start production or may only

afford to start production in one pond after all the investment.

4. Start production before knowing what management options are available or Start looking

for the market for fish when the fish is ready for sale. Meanwhile, because they are still

feeding, the pond attains its maximum loading and fish stop growing. The longer the fish stay

in the pond after they have stopped growing, the smaller the profit margin.

6. Do not employ the right people. Entrepreneurs use other peoples time, i.e. employ the right

people. Hiring family members who have little or no desire to learn proper fish farming

techniques is a liability because most people find it difficult to dismiss them even after it has

become apparent that they are the reason for the poor performance of the fish farm.

7. Irregular and improper feeding. This ranges from complete lack of knowledge about the

nutritional requirements and feeding of catfish to attempts at saving money by using cheap

feeds. Some farmers just do not feed their fish because they think fish will grow as long as

they are in water. They do not realize that like all animals, best performance would be

obtained if the fish have a balanced diet and that the feed needs to be palatable, easily

digestible and does not disintegrate into the water before the fish can consume it. For the

same reasons that the majority of poultry farmers would not think it wise to feed layers maize

bran, a commercial fish farmer should not believe they can get the best production results by

feeding catfish maize bran only. If one intends to increase production and profit margins from

producing eggs, then it is well known that the best way would be to feed the layers with

quality layers mash and not growers mash. Likewise, fish should be fed with the correct feed

of the right quality.

8. Do not appreciate that different management levels have different requirements which

consequently affects stocking rates. As in cattle, for example, the management requirements

and stocking rates for ranching are different from zero grazing because of the limits to which

the animals reared under the different systems can get access to adequate feed to cater for their maintenance and production needs. The same applies in fish farming. Stocking rates are a function of the specific management regime.

9. Being more impressed with harvesting the few large fish rather than looking at the overall picture and appreciating total tonnage at harvest. If you had a sow that ate all its piglets and grew nice and fat; would you be happy? Or would you rather have several but smaller animals of a reasonable size for sale rather than one giant? Survival rates and average fish size matter when raising table-fish, because profit margins above operational costs generally range between 30 to 40% depending on one’s market. The net income is therefore largely a function of turnover.

10. Wrong objectives for investing in aquaculture. Some do it simply because their friends are doing it or because they are targeting ‘free’ funds from donors or government. Nothing in this world is free. Always watch out for the hidden costs before making a final decision.

GET YOUR FISH FARMING BUSINESS PLAN. To place an order, pay N10,000 to

GTBank (Guaranty Trust Bank)
Account Name – Chudi-Oji Chukwuka
Account No – 0044157183

After payment text your name and your e-mail address to 08060565721


67 thought on “Fish Farming (Aquaculture)”
  1. Please I am interested in catfish smoking, packaging and marketing business plan. Can you throw more light on it with regards to my environment? I live in Akwa Ibom state

  2. I want to involve in fish farming in the Gambia.
    But i have no idea how it works.
    So how many times a year can you harvest your FISH ?
    I just wants to start with a small scale.
    Do you sell the construction of the design for commercial fish Pond?

  3. I am a complete novice in fish farming, but I have a burning desire to have my own catfish farming. I would like to get a copy of the business plan but the price is much for me. Can I get a 40% discount? If there’s any detailed manual on catfish farming, I will also like to get one.

  4. I really appreciate this hint on fish farming. Wanna start a fish farming project soon, can you help in monitoring the business for a while? And with a starting capital of 5 million naira can something promising be achieved?

  5. Please I need a proposal on snail farming and either tilapia or cat fish farming. Estimated at 8million for d 2 businesses. Tanx

  6. Goodmorning, please i need a comprehensive proposal on cat fish farming. How much will it cost me.

    1. Good afternoon. Please I want you to prepared catfish farming feasibility business plan.
      Project 10year
      I am a teacher in Oyo state.please kindly assist and send my cost

  7. Pls am interested in catfish farming and poultry business plan but I will like us to discuss through my email.

  8. How much will you charge me for a business plan proposal for both catfish,layers and broilers. Let’s talk thro myMail

  9. I want you to assist me with the cost of raising 15000 of cat fish from start to finish, for six months duration.

  10. Thanks for this website, do you have training center, I will like to attend a training to qualify as a professional in fish farming, snail and goat business and will like to know the area of your location in Nigeria, am residing in Togo.

  11. Kindly assist me, I need a business plan on fisheries business and it will cost about 6m naira.

    Pls how much it will cost me to pay.

  12. Thanks for the needed information on the various areas of business venture. I am from Ghana and I need some of your Buz Plans and studies. How do I get them, please?

  13. Kindly assist me to know how much it will cost me to have a business proposal for a cassava plantation of about 10 Hactre of Land. Thank you

  14. Interested in the fish business plan,please l need it so badly, business plan for fishery. But you will reduce the price please. Thanks.

  15. Can you please encourage we beginners by reducing the price of this business plan on fishing, because the economy is not friendly for the fresh graduates now. Please cut it to at least half. Thank you.

  16. Hi! happy to meet his famous site .Well done!
    I am a graduate in agric sci but didn’t have much about fishery farming,poultry,pure water and i wish strongly going into acquiring the knowledge. I am living in niger republic .Suggest me what to do;please don’t you branch in sokoto state so that it will make it easy to get attach you via§thanks

  17. Good day, i would like to have the fish farming business plan and poultry farming for half thier price. Thank you.

    Please reply as soon as possible so i can makr the payments.

  18. This is very good and I am interested in the write-up but please let make it half of the (N10,000) price u stated. I will be glad to receive a favourable reply from you very soon. Thanks

  19. Thanks for your good gesture, a reasonable discount will be appreciated, I have interest and motivation for fish farming but I need practical lessons for confidence. both primary and secondary production.


  20. Hello,

    All your write up are very good. I will hereby personally request you to reduce cost of your book to accommodate low income earners to enable them establish within the level of finance they can afford. Please can you play a consultant roll is contacted . I will be glad to have a hard copy on Fish Farming .
    Keep it up/

    Best regards.

  21. I really like ur script, the wright up is good and encouraging. Please reduce the fee for low class people like us that are eager to make a difference without waiting for government help. Thanks.

  22. Very wonderful I will like to have a copy of my bussiness plan but the only problem is that the price is to high considering this current i wish the price should be reduce.

  23. hello,
    i am interested in the pure water and fish farming.
    do you have any latest technology on the two above.

    how about tomato production, i heard of a technology that allows some metric tonnes on a plot of land.

    please i do not have any experience

  24. Pls can I have the fish farming business plan at half price, the economy is down and I need to start up something to feed my family. Many thanks

  25. Much as this fish farming plan is interesting, the price is high. I will ask for a certain percentage reduction in the price to allow me procure a copy, please. You have done a great job, no doubt.
    2) Kindly organize seminar for interested people to attend for practical knowledge.

  26. It was pleasant to enter your website. How much is the cartfish feasibility study and how soon can I get it.

  27. I had call you last month asking you about the fingerlings and their price so that i can place order and also to have the manual at affordable price for me to start my fish farming busness but i had no response

  28. To be honest, the price is outrageous! Even though the business plan looks like a great one… I really would love to pay if the price could go down a bit.

  29. my name is oluwaseun,i have 1 hecters right now and with infrastructure of fish pond,snail………………am presently in abuja working while the investment is in ondo. The farm as die totally abandon 4 years now i want to revive it. way forward.

  30. I want two business plans, one for poultry and another one for fishery farming. Can you reduce the price for me?

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